The Fraser River is the tenth longest river in Canada and is the longest in British Columbia. It flows 1,375 kilometres (854 mi) from Fraser Pass near Mount Robson to the Strait of Georgia at the cities of Richmond and Vancouver. The river is named for Simon Fraser, who led an expedition on behalf of the North West Company from the site of present-day Prince George almost to the mouth of the river.
The Fraser River’s source is a dripping spring at Fraser Pass in the Rocky Mountains. The estuary at the river’s mouth is a site of hemispheric importance in the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network. The delta of the river is an important stopover location for migrating shorebirds. The Fraser River’s banks are rich farmland, its water is used by pulp mills, and a few dams on some tributaries provide hydroelectric power. In 1858, the Fraser River and surrounding areas were occupied when the gold rush came to the Fraser Canyon and the Fraser River. It is a popular fishing destination for residents of Greater Vancouver. The Fraser River is known for the fishing of white sturgeon and all five species of Pacific salmon, Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink, Sockeye, as well as Steelhead Trout.